Europe is one of the seven continents of the world. It covers almost on area of 10,180,000 square kilometers (3,930,000. sq mil) which is about 2% of the earth surface area. The land area of Europe is about 6.8% of world’s land area. There are almost 50 states in Europe. The largest country in Europe is Russia by both area and population.
The birth place of western culture is in ancient Greece. European forces invaded other countries and controlled most of Africa, the America and many portions of Asia. They made their colonies there and try to develope their own culture. It played a vital role in world’s affairs from the 16th century onward. Both world wars highly affected the European economy, culture and civilization. NATO in the west and Warsaw Pact in the east divided Europe during Cold War by the mid of 20th century.
Its climate is milder than other areas lies on the same latitude due to Gulf-stream. It makes this wonderful continent wetter and warmer because it warms up the prevailing western cold winds. The average temperature is 16 c. It is very complex to say that Europe has a common culture. Cultural movements and innovations could be seen in this marvelous land. We can describe European culture as a series of overlapping cultures. Christianity is largely practiced by the European .Islam dominates in some countries .Hinduism, Judaism and other religions are minority religions in Europe.
Europe is a place of love and beauty. It is full of ancient gestures, historical monuments, romantic places and modern wonders. The amazing sites of Europe attract millions of tourists round the year. Selection of marvelous sits to visit in Europe is very difficult and tight. Some of the most beautiful sites and cities are here which really deserve your visit.
The Swiss Alps, Switzerland
The Alps stretching from Austria to France through Switzerland is the greatest mountain system in Europe. The sharp peaks of this spectacular range are always covered with snow. This fascinating range is a travel and sport destination throughout the year. Switzerland belonged most of the portion of this mountain range. Switzerland is one of the richest countries in the world having a unique mixture of cultures and people speaking different languages (German, Roman ash, Italian and Swiss).
St. Moritz is such a place in the Swiss Alps that can hardly escape attention. It is one of the oldest mountain resorts in the history. The charming town with alpine walls has a crystal-clear lake. You can enjoy sunshine most of the time in a year.
Amsterdam – The Netherlands
Amsterdam is famous for its romantic canals and architectural grandeur of the 17th century. It is a party town round the year and stunning heart of Holland. It was the centre of world economy in 17th century. It has a unique blend of historical and modern structures.
There are many attractions for the tourists. The museums like Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum, Anne Frank House, NEMO and many others are very famous in the world. It has also been called the city of bridges and churches. The buildings like Royal palace, Stopera, Kalvertoren, Rembrandt Tower have great attraction for the tourists. The Concertgebouw, Paradiso, Melweg and Bimhuis are there for music lovers. There are many open air markets, red-light districts and squares in Amsterdam.
Rome – Italy
The city of seven hills, the Eternal City or Rome was the capital of the world. It is known for its historical importance. We may see many historical sights to visit this stunning city. Smell of ancient Rome is all around in this cosmopolitan Italian capital. The administrative staff of the great Roman Empire stayed in the Eternal City to govern a vast region of the known world from Britain to Mesopotamia. The metropolitan area of this city is 3.3 million people. It is the most attractive destination for tourists who come here to see famous landmarks of the world like the Colosseum., the Patheon, The Forum and many others.
Trevi Fountain is here to throw coins for the young couple. The center of Christianity, the Vatican City has St Peters Cathedral, astonishing church dome, Statues and beautiful fountains for the visitors. You can not miss the masterpieces of Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael. The Colosseum is the UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE. The Spanish Steps built in 1725 are highly praised by the visitors around the world.
Paris is a wonderful city of France. Every square inch of this amazing city is full of history and beauty. Every thing about this city is worth seeing. There are many tourist attractions due to their mass popularity, historical importance and aesthetic appeal.
The Louvre Museum has world’s largest collection of ancient sculpture, paintings and decorative objects. The work of Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt and countless others could be seen here. The view of Notre Dam Cathedral can take your breath away. It is a master piece of Gothic architecture. The beauty of dramatic towers, stained glass, spire and statuary stunned the visitors. Eiffel Tower is a landmark in the history of man. It was built in 1889 by Gustavo Eiffel. No one can imagine Paris without this elegant iron structured tower. There are many other astonishing sites for the tourists as Musee d Orsay, historic Sorbonne University, Arc de Triomphe(164-foot tall), Sacre Coeur with its unmistakable white dome and Pere Lachaise(many famous figures are buried here).
London – England
London is the capital of England and has a history of thousands year. It was the power station of the vast British Empire. London is a stunning blend of world’s fashion, art, music, finance and culture. Many political figures like William the Conqueror, Thomas a Backet and Queen Elizabeth 1 lived here. It was the house of William Shakespeare, John Milton and other authors who created the best part of literature. The magnificent city was rebuilt and renewed after the World War 11(1939-1945) and developed a new identity.
There are many real and man-built attractions for tourists.
The House of Parliament with Big Ben is an elegant building in Gothic style, designed by Sir Charles Barry. Tower Bridge is one of the famous London attractions. It has twin drawbridges, each weighing around 1000 tons. They can be raised with electric motors just in 90 seconds .London Eye is a big observation wheel in the world. It gives a beautiful view of London. It is built on the bank of River Thames. Trafalgar Square is a well known site in the world. It is a home of thousands pigeons. The square is dominated by the statue of Admiral Lord Nelson. The Tower of London, the British Museum, Tate gallery of Modern Art, National Gallery, The Victoria and Albert Museum and Buckingham Palace are the other marvelous attraction for the tourists.